There are some names in Baptist life that everyone is familiar with, like Lottie Moon or Billy Graham. Still others like John Broadus or LR Scarborough are known mainly to pastors and academics. Today on the SBC History Podcast we talk with pastor Matt Thomas to learn about another Baptist we should know about, Isaac Backus.
There are many reasons to read good history. Biographies and general histories remind us of those who have come before us, and can shine light on current events. The history of the Southern Baptist Convention and it’s leaders and members can both inform and inspire us as we work together to take the Gospel of Christ across the world.
Right now there is lots of down time in the middle of the COVID-19 Pandemic. It can be a great time to read as history and biography can remind of the sacrifices, mistakes, and triumphs of those who came fore us. Below are some of the stories of the people and places of the SBC. Some are short reads, others are longer works, but all will educate you.
Take a look, find a book, and read some about SBC History.
GENERAL OR INSTITUTIONAL HISTORIES
Jesse C Fletcher
This book marked the 150th anniversary of the SBC and covers the convention from 1845-1994
Called “the greatest revival in Baptist history.” Read the story of this remarkable work of God through Southern Baptist Missionaries in China. 0
J. Frank Norris
This is the history of the SBC’s most colorful character, including how he pastored churches in Ft Worth and Detroit at the same time, shot a man in his office, and coined the term “fundamentalist”
The Herschel Hobbs Lectures are a series of lectures given at Oklahoma Baptist University on the topic of Baptist history and life. They contain fascinating glimpses into Baptist historical life.
A Personal History of LifeWay Christian Resources and the Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention
Belvin was a leader in Outreach to Native Americans in the state of OK. Published by New Hope (WMU) in 1986
This is the first book published by the Sunday School Board in 1898. It tells the story of Matthew Yates, one of the early missionaries of the SBC
Read it online for free at the link above
This is the story of Lolo Mae Daniel, who became a missionary with the FMB after retiring as a school teacher at the age of 60. Published by the WMU in 1988.
Rankin was an IMB missionary to China who spent time in a Japanese prison camp in WWII, and later Exec Director of the IMB.
Listen to Dr. Kevin Smith from the Maryland/Delaware Baptist Convention discuss the history of the National Baptist Convention, it’s relation to the SBC, and what’s exciting about the SBC today!
Join Luke and Mark Clifton from the North American Mission Board as they discuss how history affects church revitalization, how a pastor can celebrate the past while looking to the future, and much more!
J. Frank Norris is one of the most infamous men in the history of the Southern Baptist Convention. He shot a man in his office, left rotting fruit on the doorsteps of seminary professors, and called out men in his sermon titles.
He is well known for his many exploits, and still talked about both in and out of the the SBC. Called the Shooting Salvationist, Norris makes us think about what do with man like that. How do we balance being thankful for the good a man did and condemning him for his evil actions? On today’s podcast Bart Barber talks about Norris and his place in SBC History.
The SWBTS Legacy of J. Frank Norris. by OS Hawkins
Gunfire and Brimstone – Texas Monthly
J Frank Norris: No Independent. (A Sort of Defense of Norris.)
Mr. President, Mr. President!” Three voices spoke almost as one. “Mr. President, do I have the floor?”
The president’s gavel hammered vigorously. “The Chair recognizes Brother Stealey.”
“Mr. President, we must settle this evolution issue at once,” Clarence Stealey said. “Let the messengers to this annual session of the Southern Baptist Convention vote now. It’s the most pressing matter before us in 1925. Brother Burts’s money report can come later.”
“Mr. President!” shouted Bronson Ray taking advantage of Stealey’s pause, “the editor from Oklahoma may think other matters are more important than money. But that’s because he doesn’t have the foreign missionaries looking to him for their salaries. He doesn’t have debts piling higher every month and precious little money coming in to pay them. I tell you we are in a bad way. This Convention must do something before it leaves Memphis…”
The gavel beat out an insistent interruption.
“Gentleman, Gentleman!” said President McDaniel. “Let’s get on with the order of business. Brother Charles Burts has been standing here for ten minutes now to give his report. We shall hear him now.”
Burts eyes moved over the big room, and then back to the paper in his hand. He read slowly, his voice lifting slightly as he accented certain words and phrases. His was the first annual report of the Future Program Commission, of which he was general director. The report set forth and named the new unified budget of the denomination.
“From the adoption of this report it shall be known as the Cooperative Program,” read Burts.
The report was adopted in routine fashion by messengers anxious to get on with debate on evolution. With that action, the the Cooperative Program was launched May 13, 1925 at the Southern Baptist Convention in Memphis, TN.
The Cooperative Program was almost overlooked in the beginning. State papers were concerned with debts and debate. Few messengers paid attention to it or caught its significance.
Our Cooperative Program By W. E. Grindstaff, Sunday School Training Course material 1965 Published by Convention Press
Such humble beginnings for something that most Baptist’s would be quick to praise now. Something that seems to be an indispensable part of Baptist life is less than 100 years old and got off to a slow start, as Grindstaff later discusses in his book. Grindstaff served as pastor of several churches in Oklahoma after attending Oklahoma Baptist University, and later served the BGCO and was director of Cooperative Program Promotion with the Stewardship Committee of the Southern Baptist Convention, so this is an area he is well familiar with. There were several failed attempts at funding the work of Southern Baptist before this, such as the Judson Memorial Fund, the $75 Million Campaign, and the many special pleas made by agencies to churches every week across the country. Until the Conventions agencies paid off most of their outstanding debts with the “Hundred Thousand Club” from 1933-1943, the CP was slow in getting going.
Once it finally started rolling, it funded untold salvations, missionaries, block parties, and baptisms, among other things. There has been much discussion about the future of the CP, and of the way that we need to fund our work among the nations. But as I read this book, by a man commissioned by the Southern Baptist Convention to write a training course to educate all Southern Baptists on the Cooperative Program, I was struck at the time it took them to reach the conclusion of the CP, and the time, again and again, it took to fine tune it. I know that we have now reached that time again, but I doubt the CP will be scrapped any time soon. It will be tweaked, challenged, changed, and more, as it has throughout it’s history. Obstacles arise, new ideas come forth, and we must do the best to continue to push the gospel, to our neighbors and the nations. The history of the SBC is one of change, believe it or not. We tried whatever we could to get the name of Jesus out to the world. Some attempts were ill advised, some were spectacularly successful.
The history of the CP is well documented, but don’t think that everyone was in agreement with it. Grinsdstaff records the sentiments of three people who left that convention in 1925.
“Happiness of former conventions was not on the face of delegates. This was due, perhaps, to the depressing effect of our huge debts.” CW McEloy
“The Convention was the least satisfying of all I have attended in twenty-five years.” TC Skinner
“The Convention struck no high tide. We seemed to not be together.” Frank L Hardy
At a time when they just voted to start cooperating, to institute the great CP, it was felt as if nothing was accomplished. It feels like the SBC is more divided than ever now, so it’s good to be reminded that this is not a new spot in history! Although our concerns are many, and there are difficulties to overcome, we can look at history and see God worked through that time and is working through ours as well.
There were many varied opinions that were put forth, and tempers flared as the SBC fought to figure out the best way to fund God’s work. At the time, it seemed like there were more pressing issues to deal with, but there is no more pressing issue than sharing the Gospel. As we continue to take the Gospel of Jesus Christ through the world, we must continue to work together, finding new and creative ways to work together, as we have before.
We won’t all agree on every single detail. We are Baptist’s, after all. But by the grace of God we will continue to work together to take the good news of Christ across the street and across the world. I trust the leaders God has blessed us with in the SBC, and trust the heart of it’s pastors and members to put Christ first above all.
I recently had the chance to read a short little story about the life of M. Theron Rankin. He served as a missionary to China for many years before becoming president of the International Mission Board from 1945-53, before dying of leukemia at a young age. This sketch of his life was written by his brother, and contains a few details and anecdotes about his life and ministry. Although it’s very brief it was greatly encouraging to me.
While serving in China in the late 1930’s he lived under the threat of war with Japan and the rising threat of communist China. When Japan was threatening to invade China, he was ordered home by the Foreign Mission Board three times before he finally replied “It may be that some of us will have to die for Christ in this generation. My place is in China.”
Rankin paid the price for that, and spent several weeks pinned under enemy fire in the mountains before being captured by Japan and spending more than a year in an internment camp. Upon his release and return to the states, he was made the president of the IMB where he served faithfully until his death.
“The convincing power of the witness we seek to give the world…, will be determined by what Southern Baptists do about what we profess. Professions of great faith cannot be substantiated by small action and giving.”
If you can find this book, or any other stories about this great Southern Baptist, you will be encouraged.
LifeWay started in 1891, under the name “The Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention” under the leadership of JM Frost. It kept that name for over 100 years, and many many people still remember it. It was established after the 1891 annual meeting in Birmingham. Since that time the SSB of the SBC served as a steady rock through many ups and downs of economies, leadership, and politics. Take a listen and learn about the great history of LifeWay and how we got to where we are today.
Resources to explore more about the history of the Sunday School Board and LifeWay
Any body who has paid any amount of attention to baptist life would know the prominent role that women have played in our churches and institutions. Our two most prominent offerings are named after women, Lottie Moon and Annie Armstrong. In fact, those two women have done as much or more for missions awareness and education than any person in SBC history.
In this Episode of the SBC History Podcast we cover the many and varied ways that women have been involved in the history of the Southern Baptist Convention. Listen and learn at the great legacy we have of women leaders in the SBC.
Resources mentioned in the podcast.
Almost without a doubt you have heard of Charles Spurgeon. The Baptist preacher from London was a celebrity in his day and remained so since. But what do you know about the woman he married? In his new book Ray Rhodes writes about Susannah Spurgeon, the wife of the famous pastor. He pulls from the pages of history to write a book that shows her background that shaped her and allowed her to be a wife to the most famous pastor in the world. Listen as Ray talks about why he chose to write about Susie, and what she can teach us as Southern Baptists.